The physician has interpreted the bone mineral density (BMD) test and generated the report. Now what?
Obviously it needs to be sent or “distributed” to the interested parties. In this article we look at this distribution phase, which is sort of the “last mile” in the reporting process.
So what happens to the BMD report once it has been created? Having worked with a variety of hospitals, we know that… it depends! There is no standard answer to that question because it depends on several key factors including:
- Who will be the final “consumers” of the report?
- Does the facility have an Electronic Medical Records system (EMR)? Who has access to the EMR?
Let’s dive a little more into these questions.
The final consumer of the report is typically the ordering physician i.e. the physician who prescribed a bone mineral density test for his/her patient. Usually it is the primary care physician, although other doctors treating the patient may also need to see the report.
Today, most healthcare providers have a functional EMR in place. It is generally accessible to all physicians, and usually the appropriate place to store bone density reports. (There may be a radiology information system (RIS) and/or a PACS in place too; often though these systems are available only to radiologists.)
The EMR, however, may not be available to all physicians who need to access test results. If the ordering doctor is located in the hospital where the BMD test occurs, he/she is then connected to the EMR. But the ordering doctor could be external to that hospital or even located in a remote office with limited access to the EMR.
What is then the best way to distribute exam results, such as bone density reports?
BoneStation offers the flexibility required to handle most situations as explained below. There are three methods available to distribute reports:
- Printing – which typically means the report is sent via mail to the consumer
- Transmission to an EMR – through a digital interface (typically an HL7 interface)
In addition, BoneStation allows the distribution method to vary for each primary care physician (ie. the consumer). A couple examples:
- A physician with access to the EMR may simply receive reports via the EMR
- A physician with access to the EMR may receive reports via the EMR, fax, and a printed report via mail
- Physicians with access to the EMR may receive reports via EMR and physicians without access to the EMR may receive faxes
As mentioned above, other doctors than the ordering physician may need to receive the patient’s report. This is very easy to set up with BoneStation thanks to its distribution list functionality.
For the sake of traceability, the complete history of each report, recipient, distribution method, and distribution date/time is stored in BoneStation. The hospital staff can quickly and easily review that historical data.
BoneStation offers the necessary flexibility for distributing BMD reports. It support traditional methods, such as print/mail and fax, which are still needed today, in addition to the modern solution of interfacing to Electronic Medical Records systems.
In today’s fragmented healthcare landscape it is important for vendors to offer flexible solutions to accommodate different situations, not only within the medical office or hospital, but also at the interfaces between stakeholders. We have learnt that even in the very specific case of the distribution of BMD reports, there can be many scenarios that need to be resolved, and we will continue to address the constantly evolving landscape.